Gross Motor Checklist


Though children progress at different rates, the gross motor skills generally expected at a given age are listed bellow. Please contact us if you have concerns about your child’s communication.

Gross Motor Skills at 2 months

  • Can hold head up briefly
  • Begins to push up when lying on tummy
  • Makes smoother movements with arms and legs

Gross Motor Skills at 4 months

  • Holds head steady, unsupported
  • Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface
  • May be able to roll over from tummy to back
  • When lying on stomach, pushes up to elbows

Gross Motor Skills at 6 months

  • Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front)
  • Begins to sit without support
  • When standing, supports weight on legs and might bounce
  • Rocks back and forth, sometimes crawling backward before moving forward
  • Brings hands to feet when lying on back

Gross Motor Skills at 9 months

  • Stands, holding on
  • Can get into sitting position
  • Sits without support
  • Pulls to stand
  • Crawls
  • Gets to a sitting position without help

Gross Motor Skills at 12 months

  • Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”)
  • May take a few steps without holding on
  • May stand alone

Gross Motor Skills at 18 months

  • Walks alone
  • May walk up steps and run
  • Pulls toys while walking
  • Can help undress herself
  • Drinks from a cup

Gross Motor Skills at 2 years

  • Stands on tiptoe
  • Kicks and catches a ball
  • Begins to run and jump
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture without help
  • Walks up and down stairs holding on
  • Throws ball overhand

Gross Motor Skills at 3 years

  • Climbs well
  • Runs easily
  • Pedals a tricycle (3-wheel bike)
  • Walks up and down stairs, one foot on each step
  • Begins to hop on 1 foot

Gross Motor Skills at 4 years

  • Jumps over obstacles 12 inches tall
  • Runs fast and avoids obstacles
  • Stands on 1 foot for 5 seconds
  • Goes up and down stairs without support
  • Throws a ball overhand
  • Kicks ball at a target
  • Catches bounced ball most of the time
  • Moves forward and backward with agility

Gross Motor Skills at 5 years

  • Begins to skip and gallop
  • Throws and catches a small ball
  • Stands on 1 foot for 10 seconds
  • Able to swing and climb easily
  • Somersaults