Self-Help Skills

1 – 4 months

  • Bring hands to mouth
  • Sucks hand or thumb to comfort self

4 – 7 months

  • Retrieves lost bottle or pacifier
  • Helps hold bottle
  • Vocalizes when alone
  • Laughs out loud
  • Has a social smile

7 – 10 months

  • Works to obtain a toy out of reach
  • Plays peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake
  • Understands “no”

10 – 12 months

  • Extends toy back and forth
  • Feeds self cookie or cracker
  • Removes both socks
  • Expresses affection toward familiar person (ex: hugs parent)

13 – 18 months

  • Feed self with fingers
  • Turn pages in book

18 – 24 months

  • Feed self well using spoon (by 24 months should feed self with spoon without help)
  • Drink from open cup
  • Be able to take off shoes and clothes
  • Begin toilet training

3-4 years

  • Dress self completely
  • Complete simple fasteners on clothing: buttons, zippers, & snaps
  • Be completely toilet trained

5-6 years

  • Tie shoelaces
  • Brush/comb hair neatly
  • Complete simple household chores
  • Bathe self without help (always supervise children when in water)
  • Prepare simple meal for self independently (e.g., cereal)